Who Invented Chess & It’s Origin – Complete Guide of Chess Game History


Chess, a strategic and fascinating game, has captivated players for centuries. The game has a rich history, and many wonder about its origins. Who invented chess? When was chess invented? Where was chess invented? Find answers to all these questions and more, delving into the history of this timeless game.

Who Invented Chess?

The exact origins of chess are shrouded in mystery, with various legends and stories attributing its invention to different individuals. Some credit the Indian philosopher Sissa ben Dahir, while others claim it was invented by the ancient Chinese, Greeks, or Persians. Unfortunately, we may never know the true inventor of chess, but its early development can be traced back to the Gupta Empire in India.

When Was Chess Invented? 

Historians generally agree that the precursor to modern chess, a game called “chaturanga,” emerged around the 6th century AD in India. Chaturanga was a four-player war game that incorporated elements of strategy and tactics that are still present in chess today. It eventually evolved into the game we now know as chess, which has continued to develop over the centuries.

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Where Was Chess Invented? 

As mentioned earlier, chess is believed to have originated in India during the Gupta Empire. The game of Chaturanga spread throughout the Indian subcontinent and beyond, reaching Persia and eventually the Islamic world. The Persians adapted chaturanga into their own game called “shatranj.” When the Islamic caliphate conquered Persia in the 7th century, the game spread even further and underwent significant changes, becoming more similar to the modern chess we know today.

Which Country Invented Chess?

Chess originated in India, with its precursor chaturanga being played as early as the 6th century AD. The game’s migration to Persia and the Islamic world led to the development of shatranj, which laid the foundation for modern chess.

It is said that the game of chess was invented in India during the Gupta Empire around the 6th century AD. The precursor to modern chess, chaturanga, evolved over time as it spread across different regions and cultures, eventually giving rise to the chess we know today. 

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While there isn’t a specific individual we can credit for the invention of chess, the game’s development is rooted in the Indian game of Chaturanga. As it spread to Persia and the Islamic world, it underwent significant changes and refinements, ultimately resulting in the modern chess game.

How To Play Chess?

Chess is a classic two-player strategy game played on an 8×8 square board. 

  • The objective is to capture the opponent’s king by placing it under an inescapable threat of capture, known as checkmate. 
  • Each player starts with 16 pieces: one king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns. 
  • The pieces move according to specific rules, with the ultimate goal of outmanoeuvring the opponent and achieving checkmate. 
  • Throughout the game, players must think ahead, anticipate their opponent’s moves, and employ tactics to protect their own pieces while targeting the opponent’s. 
  • Mastering the art of chess requires patience, practice, and strategic thinking, making it a rewarding and challenging game for players of all skill levels.

The history of chess is a fascinating tale of cultural exchange and evolution. Although the exact origins and invention of chess remain uncertain. As the game spread and evolved, it became an enduring symbol of strategy, tactics, and intellectual prowess that continues to captivate players worldwide.

From India to Persia and beyond, the journey of chess is a testament to the power of human creativity and our shared love for a captivating and challenging game. As we play chess today, we participate in a tradition that spans centuries and connects us to countless players from different cultures who have enjoyed this timeless game.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ’s) on Chess Invention & Origin

Who invented chess and when was it invented?

The exact person who invented chess is unknown, but the game can be traced back to the 6th century AD in India, where a precursor called chaturanga was played.

Where was chess invented and in which country is its origin?

Chess was invented in India during the Gupta Empire, with the game Chaturanga laying the foundation for modern chess. India is considered the chess origin country.

Who invented the chess game that we play today?

While we cannot pinpoint a specific individual who invented the modern chess game, it evolved over time from the Indian game Chaturanga, through the Persian game Shatranj, and then spread to the Islamic world, where it underwent further refinements.

Chess originated from which country, and how did it spread to other countries?

Chess originated in India, where the game chaturanga was first played around the 6th century AD. The game spread to Persia, where it became known as shatranj, and then to the Islamic world, which contributed to its further development and dissemination.

Chess was invented in which culture, and how did it evolve into the game we know today?

Chess was invented in Indian culture during the Gupta Empire. It evolved from the game Chaturanga, which later became Shatranj in Persia.


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